History of Perfumes:
The word perfume as originated from the Greek word Per Fumus, which literally means ‘through smoke’. Perfumes were first created by in ancient Greece. Later, Egypt produced better versions of these liquids. After the popularity of perfumes, more refined ones were made by the Romans and Persians.
The first ever person recorded in history to make perfumes is a chemist known as Tapputi. Her name is mentioned in tablets from the 2nd century. The article was discovered by archaeologists. She made her fragrances by using flowers, calamus and some scent oils.
In the year 2005, archaeologists discovered a few of the oldest perfumes of the world. This finding was done in Pyrgos, Cyprus. These perfumes are more than four thousand years old. They were discovered in a very old perfume factory. Apart from this, other items found were mixing bowls, perfume bottles and funnels.
In Persia, Ibn-e-Sina, generally known as Avicenna, first brought the process of extracting fragrance oils from plants. This is the procedure on which modern perfumes rely today. He used a rose flower and distilled it to get its oils. Until then, perfumes were made by crushing rose petals and mixing them up with different oils and procedures. This created a very strong fragrance. The creation of rose water was a success, as it contains a very soft fragrance. Very soon, the popularity of Avicenna’s invention increased. Not only in the perfume industry, but overall reputation of his new method created a revolution in all fields of science.
The art of perfume-making reached Europe in around year 1200. Different monks created their own versions of perfumes. Hungary created a perfume that was known as Hungary Water. This art grew in Europe, especially in France and Italy. In the latter part of the 16th century, Italy produced many different types of perfumes. Later this art was also taken to France. Even today, France and Italy is considered as the hub of perfume-making.
Perfumes have been with us from very early times, the methods used in creating these fragrances have changed drastically over the years. Today, perfumes have become much more than a liquid with a scent, they are symbols of class and define a person’s particular taste. Perfume adverts tend to associate a particular image with each perfume, they use heavy imagery to entice people into buying and wearing their scent. There are many brands available in the market. Some of them are on the cheaper side, while others are only affordable by the rich.